I had an issue with a IE10 that had no advanced tab available. No GPO was disabling it, no local restriction, user was local admin.
Oh, and every single user that logged on that machine would had no advanced tab as well.
After fiddling with it for hours, the only solution was to import the following registry key from another pc with same operating system (Win7 64bit with IE 10) to that pc.
Export from the working registry and import in the problematic pc. No need to mention to backup the registry before.
It worked for me.